"Full stomach" thesis

Human rights are also classified as lots of fields of law.  Civil and political rights, economic, social and cultural rights are the main classifications. These rights were reflected in the names of the International Pacts of 1966. In addition, when speaking about human rights classification, 3 generations of human rights attracts the attention of person.

 

 

The first generation rights include civil and political rights. The first generation rights are also called the natural rights. Right to life, right to freedom, right to freedom of assembly, right to a fair trial, freedom of expression, right of choice, etc. can be shown as an example to the first generation rights.

The second generation rights include economic, social and cultural rights. Right to housing, the right to education, labor law, health law and others can be shown as an example to these rights.

The third generation rights - this is a re-classification. Right to life in a healthy environment, the right to self-determination, the right to the country's natural resources, etc. can be cited as an example to third generation rights. In fact, the third generation classification of law is non-official classification.

In fact, the first generation and second generation classification is the chronological classification of rights. In other words, the first generation of rights appeared before others.

The interesting point is that both the first generation (civil and political) and second generation (economic, social and cultural) rights are reflected in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. However, these are separated from each other in International Pacts of 1966. The first generation rights were reflected in one Covenant (International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights); the second generation rights were reflected in the other Covenant (International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights).

There is a dispute that is the first generation rights more important or the second generation rights? For example, why does a person having no residence, education and job need freedom of expression. Or, why a person having no freedom need right to housing, labor law? What is the importance of the right to freedom (freedom of movement) for a person having no money?

While thinking of the answers to these questions one may come to a conclusion that civil and political and economic, social and cultural rights is closely related to each other. Therefore, the both generation rights were reflected in the Declaration of Human Rights. The reason of reflecting both generation rights in that Declaration is that these rights can be ensured in society if they are enshrined together. Otherwise, these rights will remain imaginary.

Indeed, it is impossible to exercise economic, social and cultural rights without the civil and political rights, as well as, it is not real to exercise the first generation rights without the second-generation rights. This approach is called "a full stomach" thesis.

 

Kerimova M.

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